Ohio Adoption Laws

The U.S. does not have a federal set of adoption laws, so the states regulate their own adoption laws. Whether you’re adopting in Ohio or adopting across state lines, which often occurs when working with a national adoption agency, it’s a good idea to learn more about state adoption laws and how those laws can affect your adoption process.

You can always call 1-800-ADOPTION to receive free information and ask questions about Ohio adoption laws.

While the following information should not be construed as legal advice, and while you should always consult your attorney with any legal adoption questions, this article will give you a basic outline for domestic adoption laws in Ohio:

Who Can Adopt in Ohio?

Any adult can adopt in Ohio if they meet the requirements of the home study and the adoption professional, according to Ohio adoption law. This means undergoing a criminal background check, completing home visits, interviews and more before being approved to adopt in Ohio.

In addition to meeting the adoption requirements of the adoption professional, prospective adoptive parents will also need to meet the set of requirements for the type of adoption they’re pursuing.

Most adoption professionals will have age requirements, marriage requirements, or other regulations on who may adopt in Ohio, so contact your adoption professional to learn more about their individual requirements to adopt.

Who Can Be Adopted in Ohio?

Any minor and certain adults may be adopted in Ohio. Children who are 12 or older must give their consent to the adoption.

A child is only eligible for adoption after his or her biological parents have signed their consent to the adoption in the presence of their lawyer or a licensed notary. Ohio adoption laws state that consent may only be offered 72 hours after the birth of the baby.

What Are the Ohio Adoption Laws Regulating Advertising?

It’s prohibited for Ohio adoptive and birth parents to advertise for adoption. Only licensed adoption agencies or adoption attorneys may advertise on behalf of birth and adoptive families.

Ohio Adoption Laws Regulating Birth Parent Expenses

Adoption laws in Ohio regulate allowable birth parent expenses. State laws permit the following OH birth parent expenses:

  • Medical

  • Legal

  • Counseling services (through American Adoptions)

  • Living expenses, whenever eligible (through American Adoptions)

Expenses paid to the birth parent(s) by the adoptive parent(s) are reviewed and approved by an Ohio judge on a case-by-case basis.

Any form of payment, including money, gifts or favors, in exchange for placing a child for adoption is illegal. However, reasonable living expenses can aid Ohio expectant mothers with the financial burden of pregnancy and birth, and offset the necessary time spent away from work.

Call 1-800-ADOPTION now to learn more about adoption laws in Ohio and find out how those laws may affect your adoption process.





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