Employer-Provided Adoption Benefits
Understanding Adoption Benefits at Work
Adoption benefits at work can be incredibly helpful for families considering adoption. The adoption process can be long and challenging. Knowing there will be information or financial assistance as well as parental leave from an employer can make the process more manageable.
American Adoptions knows it’s crucial for you to recognize the employer-provided adoption benefits that may apply to your workplace. And, this guide will help you determine the best possible adoption benefits employers can offer you.
If you have further questions about adoption benefits or you are looking to begin the adoption process, you can call us today at 1-800-ADOPTION or fill out our free online contact form to speak with an adoption professional now.
The Types of Adoption Benefits at Work Employers Offer
Adoption benefits at work are typically similar to benefits available to new biological parents. These benefits fall into three general categories:
Employers may offer one or more of these types of benefits during an employee’s adoption journey. And although employer-provided adoption benefits for adoptive families continue to be a growing trend, there is still a need for improvement.
In 1990, a survey by Hewitt Associates found that only 12% of companies offered some kind of employer-provided adoption assistance. And according to Aon Hewitt’s 2019 survey of over 200 U.S. companies, only 20% offered a financial adoption benefit.
In his book Adoption Nation, Pulitzer-prize nominated journalist Adam Pertman says companies are finding that “providing adoption benefits not only displays social responsibility and an ability to respond to changing conditions but also makes for more satisfied workers.”
Pertman also says that employer-provided adoption benefits can be a relatively cheap investment for employers since only about 0.1% of employees with available adoption benefits at work use them.
So, how can more companies assist their employees through the adoption process? Let’s take a deeper look at the different types of employer-provided adoption benefits companies may offer:
Resources made available to employees may include:
Referrals to licensed adoption agencies, support groups, and organizations
Access to an adoption specialist to answer questions about the process
Help with unique situations, such as special circumstance adoptions
A contract with a human resources consulting firm may provide this type of employer adoption assistance, as companies rarely have someone on staff who is well-versed in the adoption process and adoption professionals.
Financial benefits take different forms, such as:
A lump-sum payment for an adoption — the amount of which each employer will determine
Payment of certain fees related to an adoption
Partial reimbursement to employees for various expenses
Typical reimbursement plans cover 80% of certain itemized expenses up to an established ceiling (about $4,000 on average). Some employers reimburse at a higher rate for adoptions of children with disabilities.
Most frequently, employer-provided adoption assistance covers:
Public or private agency fees
Counseling fees associated with placement
Some employers pay benefits per adoption, while others pay per child adopted. In most cases, employer-provided adoption benefits are paid after the adoption is finalized, though some employers may pay when the child is placed or as expenses incurred.
In many circumstances, employers are required to grant parental leave to new adoptive parents.
The Family and Medical Leave Act requires employers with 50 or more employees to offer both mothers and fathers up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave upon the birth or adoption of a child. The law ensures that employees have job security and health benefits during the leave period.
Some employers allow employees to take more than 12 weeks of unpaid leave and use accumulated paid leave, like a vacation or sick leave, to extend their total leave. Other employers may offer paid leave for employees who adopt a child or may be bound by union contracts that have provisions for adoption leave, as well.
In addition to federal law, many states require employers to offer parental leave to adoptive parents.
To find out about a particular state, you can check your state’s adoption policy handbook or contact the state’s adoption program manager — whose information can be found in Information Gateway’s online National Foster Care and Adoption Directory.
Guaranteed parental leave can be the most helpful form of employer adoption assistance and is a sign of an adoption-friendly workplace.
Employer-provided Adoption Benefits Eligibility and Conditions
Eligibility for an employer adoption assistance program may depend on a few factors, such as:
Employment status (e.g. full-time versus part-time employees)
Length of employment
Participation in a company-sponsored health plan
The type of adoption can also affect employer-provided adoption benefits. For example, some employers do not provide benefits for stepchild adoption. Others offer enhanced benefits for the adoption of a child with disabilities.
Employers Offering Adoption Benefits
To find out if your company offers some form of adoption benefits, ask your human resource or personnel department.
The Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption encourages employer benefits for adoption. Its website includes:
Lists of employers that offer adoption benefits like financial reimbursement and paid leave
An annual list of the nation’s “100 Best Adoption-Friendly Workplaces”
A free toolkit and technical assistance for companies wishing to propose or establish an adoption benefits policy
The Holt International website includes an extensive list of employers that provide adoption benefits as well.
As a hopeful adoptive family or prospective birth parent considering adoption, employer-provided adoption assistance is very beneficial. Understanding how to utilize these adoption benefits at work is also vital.
If you would like more information about adoption benefits or you want to begin the adoption process, you can call us today at 1-800-ADOPTION or fill out our free online contact form to speak with an adoption professional now.
Information available through these links is the sole property of the companies and organizations listed therein. American Adoptions provides this information as a courtesy and is in no way responsible for its content or accuracy.