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The Most Common Types of Adoption

Benefits of Choosing Open Adoption

As you begin the adoption process, one of the most important decisions you’ll have to make is deciding which type of adoption to pursue. Here are some key points to bear in mind:

  • There are three types of adoption you can choose from

  • The type of adoption you choose can affect your adoption journey

  • The most common type of adoption is semi-open adoption

We’ve written this guide to explain the three different types of adoption you can choose from and why openness in adoption is so important.

You can call 1-800-ADOPTION at any time or fill out this contact form to get more free information now.

What Types of Adoption Are There?

From semi-open adoption to open adoption, there are many different paths you can take on your adoptive journey. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide which path is best, and this guide should help you decide which type of adoption is best for you and your family. Below, we’ve listed three types of adoption relationships you can pursue.

1.      Open Adoption

Open adoption is one of the most common types of adoption and is recommended for adoptive families and birth parents who want to get to know each other before and after the adoption. This type of adoption generally refers to sharing identifying information, usually without an adoption professional’s help.

When you work with American Adoptions, we require that adoptive families are open to a certain amount of contact throughout the adoption. This is because we’ve seen how successful an open adoption can be for everyone in the adoption triad. Some of the benefits of choosing an open adoption include:

  • Greater chances of finding an adoption opportunity, as many birth mothers prefer this type of adoption

  • Adoption disruptions are not as likely because open adoption lets the birth mother get to know you and envision their child growing up in your home

  • Getting access to medical and health information so that you know your child’s medical history in case of an emergency

  • Giving your child peace of mind and closure, as many children often wonder about their adoption story as they get older

  • The chance to develop a strong relationship with the birth parent to help give you peace of mind throughout your adoption journey

Once you find an open adoption opportunity, you’ll establish an agreement on just how much contact you want to have throughout your adoption and beyond. For most adoptive families that choose this type of adoption, you’ll trade identifying information such as last names, personal email addresses and any other information to help maintain contact.

To get started with your open adoption journey, you can always fill out this contact form to get free information from one of our adoption specialists.

2. Semi-Open/Mediated Adoption

Semi-open adoption has become more popular and is the most common type of adoption. This type of adoption involves an adoption professional who facilitates the communication between adoptive families and birth parents, or that adoptive families and birth parents communicate directly but preserve some identifying information. It’s estimated that 95% of all domestic adoptions involve some form of open communication.

One of the biggest advantages of choosing semi-open adoption is that your identifying information is protected. Many adoption professionals recommend some level of openness throughout the adoption because it’ll help your child be proud of their adoption story.

3. Closed Adoption

Closed adoption is one of the least common types of adoption because many birth parents go through the adoption process expecting some form of contact such as letters or pictures. When you choose this type of adoption, little, if any, contact is shared between adoptive parents and birth parents in an effort to maintain privacy.

When you’re interested in only closed adoption, it can severely limit the number of adoption opportunities you can receive. On top of that, any important medical information can be difficult or impossible to find. The medical information received during the adoption is just a glimpse into the birth parents’ and families’ medical histories.

Learn More about The Different Types of Adoption

As you’re figuring out which type of adoption you want to pursue, it’s important to make the decision that’s best for you and your family. Regardless of the type of adoption you choose, we will always be here to answer any questions you have.

If you’re ready to begin the adoption process, then fill out this contact form to get in touch with one of our adoption specialists. We’d be happy to help you begin your adoption journey! 

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