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Michigan Adoption Laws

Learn How These Laws Could Affect Your MI Adoption

Since adoption laws vary on a state-by-state basis, it can be difficult to know exactly what Michigan adoption laws are. With that in mind, we’ve compiled a few of the most important adoption laws in Michigan. Remember, though, this doesn’t constitute legal advice. For more information about Michigan adoption laws or pursuing adoption in Michigan, call 1-800-ADOPTION at any time to speak with an adoption specialist.

Who can adopt a child in Michigan?

Any adult, a husband and wife who wish to adopt jointly, or anyone married to the person that has legal custody of the child in question (as in a stepparent adoption) can legally adopt in Michigan.

What are the requirements to adopt a child from Michigan’s foster care system?

Anyone who wishes to adopt from Michigan’s foster care system or become a foster parent must:

  • Be at least 18 years old

  • Complete an application for a license

  • Complete background checks

  • Provide medical statements

  • Have a completed home study

  • Provide three references

  • Attend relevant training

Can adoptive families pay for the birth parents’ adoption expenses in Michigan?

Yes. Depending on the birth parents’ needs, the adoptive parents may pay for:

  • Medical, hospital, nursing or pharmaceutical expenses incurred by the birth mother in relation to the birth

  • Medical, hospital, nursing or pharmaceutical expenses for the child to be adopted related to his or her birth or an illness

  • Counseling for the child’s parents or guardians

  • Living expenses for the birth mother up until six weeks after the birth of the child

  • Traveling expenses related to the adoption

Note that Michigan does not allow the payment of medical expenses that are covered by the birth mother’s health insurance or Medicaid.

Who must consent to an adoption in Michigan?

  • Each of the child’s surviving parents

  • The department or child-placing agency that has custody of the child

  • The court or a tribal court

  • The child’s appointed guardian

  • The parent’s appointed guardian

  • The child being adopted, if they are 14 years of age or older

When can birth parents consent to adoption in Michigan?

Both a birth mother and a birth father can consent to their child’s adoption after he or she is born at the court hearing or within seven days after consent is requested. Consent is irrevocable and mu  st be given in a court hearing.

Does Michigan have a putative father registry?

No. However, if a man wishes to claim paternity of the child before his or her birth, he can file a verified notice of intent to claim paternity with the court in his county. Unless the mother denies that he is the father, he will be presumed to be the father. If he files this claim in a timely manner, he will be entitled to notice of any adoption hearings involving the child.

Who has to have an adoption home study in Michigan?

Everyone who wishes to adopt must have a completed home study before they can do so.

For more information about adoption laws in Michigan, please speak with a local attorney. For more information about adoption with American Adoptions, call 1-800-ADOPTION. 

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